Nowadays, Santiago occupies a privileged place worldwide in terms of electromobility: besides China cities, Chile is the country with more electric buses in the world. This may change after the announcement of a strong insertion of electric buses within the public transport from local governments in Colombia and Argentina.
In terms of battery electric vehicles (BEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), the main market is Mexico, which represented 50% of the total BEV+PHEV market in Latin America in 2018, followed by Colombia with 18%, and Costa Rica with 10%. In this segment, Chile ranks fourth with about 200 units sold, equivalent to 5.5%.
In terms of progress in the country, there has been a strong development from both the Energy and the Transport Ministries. Together, both offices have developed the National Electromobility Strategy, which indicates that in 2050, 100% of public transport and 40% of private vehicles will be electric. Chile’s 2015 energy policy seeks to decarbonize the generation matrix by increasing NCRE (non-conventional renewable energy).
In addition, an application for smartphones was launched a few months ago, which allows to see the entire network of public charging stations throughout the country. The Metropolitan Regional Council of Santiago approved the financing of over $1 billion for the development of the Electromobility Plan, which includes the installation of 104 charging points in all the districts of the region.
The pending debt is to establish a standard of the type of charging plugs, it is more convenient that this should be done as a continent, in the event of in the event of a massification of electric vehicles and you leave the country by car, bus, truck, etc. you could be left without options of charging in a neighbour country due to having a different charging standard (For example, Chademo, GBT, CCS, etc.).
However, Chile has set a goal of reaching 40% of electric vehicles by 2050, and the more ambitious the goal, the higher the result. Currently it looks very remote, given that there have been no benefits or subsidies for the purchase of “green” cars in Chile, unlike what happens with commercial vehicles, where the price differential with an internal combustion vehicle is amortized with fuel savings, given that they travel a high amount of kilometers per month and fuel becomes an important factor in the composition of OPEX.
It should be considered that in order to reach 40%, loading stations in offices, buildings, public parking lots, etc. must be installed. Today there are good initiatives made by energy companies that have implemented exclusive parkings for electric charging. Some actions applied in countries have been:
Free parking in areas of high urban concentration
- “Green Sticker” that allows people to drive on exclusive tracks
- Junk returns
- Access to preferential loans
- Payment of lower taxes on the purchase (circulation permits, insurance, etc.)
- Extension of periods without technical revision
- “Eco Tag”: reduced fare for driving on concessioned highways.
Not only a good product is required for the electrification process of the fleets to be successful, but also a sustainable implementation strategy (Energy + Chargers + adequate product definition + local technical support + training, etc.). We call this “Ecosystem” and what we look for is to offer solutions of electric mobility in which the vehicles can be adapted to the operation of our clients.
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